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Raccoons

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Characteristics

Raccoon removal The raccoon has gray to brown fur. It has a black mask around its eyes with white fur around the mask. It has a stripe that runs from its forehead to its nose and white fur around its nose. It has a bushy, ringed tail and black paws with five toes. The raccoon's paws look a little like human hands. The raccoon's toes are flexible and it is very good at grabbing, pulling things apart and holding things. The raccoon is a  very good climber and can go down a tree backwards or face first!

  Range
RaccoonThe raccoon can be found in most of the United States except for parts of the Rocky Mountains, central Nevada, Utah and Arizona. It is also found in southern Canada and from  Mexico to northern South America.

    Habitat
Raccoon pest insulation removal The raccoon lives in wooded areas near water. It is very adaptable though and is also found in suburbs and cities. It usually makes its den in a tree, but it  may make its home in an abandoned woodchuck burrow, a cave, barn, sewer, or even a house!

    Diet

Raccoon eating pest trapper serviceThe raccoon is omnivorous and opportunistic. Common foods include fruits, nuts berries, insects, rodents, frogs, eggs and crayfish. In some rural areas, corn is a large part of the raccoon's diet. In suburban and urban areas it often forages through trash cans for food. If water is near, the raccoon will sometimes put its food in the water and roll it around. It looks like it is washing its food, but it is not. The raccoon is softening the food and looking for foreign objects on the food.

    Life Cycle

Raccoon kill Mating season runs January through March. A little over two months after mating, the female gives birth to a litter of between four to six young. The babies are able to stand when they are about four to six weeks old. They are weaned at 70 days and start to hunt when they are between 9-12 weeks old. When they first come out of the den, the mother may carry them around by the neck, like a cat carries a kitten. The mother also teaches them how to hunt for food and climb trees. The mother raccoon is very protective of her young and will attack predators that come too close. Young raccoons have darker coats than mature raccoons. The babies may stay with their mother for up to a year.

    Behavior
Raccoon control animal trapper animal atticThe raccoon is mostly nocturnal. It is also solitary, except for mothers and their young. In the winter the raccoon may sleep in its den for a few weeks but it does not hibernate. The raccoons usually walks, but it can run at speeds of up to 15 miles an hour. It is also a good swimmer and often hunts for food in the water. The raccoon makes a variety of vocalizations including hisses, whistles, screams, growls and snarls.

Tips For Problem Raccoons:
1. Keep food for your pets in a secure area.
2. Cap or place an in closer over your chimney.
2. Limit bird feeders in your yard.
3. Use locking trash can lids, and place your trash out on the day of pick up.
4. Clean areas on your property that would be attractive to a Raccoon.
5. Cut limbs that hang over your roof or remove trees next to your home.
6. Do not feed Raccoons on your property.
7. Cut high weeds and shrubs around your property.
8. Remove items from your property that would attract Raccoons, such as old applinces, boxs, wood piles, trash piles, and large containers.

Raccoons are found in most major cities of the continental United States. In New York City, raccoons inhabit city parks, sometimes venturing at night out of the greenery and into the streets to forage for garbage. Raccoons are found statewide in Florida in ever-increasing numbers. Urbanization and agriculture often help their population because food often becomes more available in these conditions. Raccoons are found throughout the United States, as far north as central Canada, and as far south as Panama. Their overall brownish coloration; stubby, black banded tails; and the black mask-like marking around their eyes make them pretty much impossible to forget once seen. Raccoons are nocturnal, needing a quiet and dark place during the daytime. They den in tree cavities, underground burrows made by other animals, and human-made structures such as chimneys, basements, attics, spaces under patios and between walls. Raccoons are attracted to pet foods and can often congregate in large numbers to take advantage of this easily obtained food source. Other raccoon / human conflicts occur when raccoons den in buildings, raid gardens, harass backyard chicken coops or visit garbage cans in search of food. Raccoons are considered high to moderate risk vectors of rabies. There is currently an outbreak of raccoon rabies in the northeast United States.

Raccoons are capable of traveling great distances to find food and territory. If you stop feeding, raccoon populations will slowly adjust to the level that can be accommodated by the available natural habitat. Raccoons are protected by law. No one may possess a raccoon without a license, and licenses are not issued for pet wildlife. Raccoons are relatively easy to catch in traps, but it takes a sturdy trap to hold one. Foothold traps may be used on rural sites but should never be used in an urban area. Raccoons are difficult to trap- it is hard to find a bait that will entice them into a box when they could be raiding a garden. Traps placed with their open ends against a raccoon-proof fence at a 45 degree angle to the fence often trap raccoons that are being persistent in trying to find a way under, over or through a fence. Raccoons are intelligent animals whose routines are dictated by their needs. If they cannot get a meal at one place, they will look elsewhere, and they will remember where they can and cannot expect to have their hunger satisfied. Raccoons are excellent climbers and have very dexterous fore paws. They are primarily nocturnal creatures but occasionally venture out in the daytime particularly toward evening. Raccoons are promiscuous breeders and mate with several individuals. Gestation is approximately 63 days.

Raccoon Removal and Racccoon Trapping

Raccoons are quick runners, but they are not always fast enough to flee from large enemies. But with their sharp claws, raccoons are good tree climbers. Raccoons are also susceptible to a host of parasites and diseases, including rabies and canine distemper. In the late 1970s one of the largest known rabies epidemics associated with raccoons began in Virginia and North Carolina. Raccoons are widespread throughout the United States and have extended their range well into Canada. They are found in all types of habitats, but they generally prefer mature woodlands and riparian or wetland regions. Raccoons are nocturnal and usually spend daylight hours at rest. Raccoons are active mostly during the evening hours. On most days, they leave their den soon after dusk and are active until morning. Raccoons are primarily nocturnal, so most of this mischief happens at night. Raccoons are also susceptible to a host of parasites and diseases, including rabies and canine distemper. In the late 1970s one of the largest known rabies epidemics associated with raccoons began in Virginia and North Carolina. Raccoons are capable of traveling great distances to find food and territory. If you stop feeding, raccoon populations will slowly adjust to the level that can be accommodated by the available natural habitat. Raccoons are protected by law. No one may possess a raccoon without a license, and licenses are not issued for pet wildlife. Raccoons are relatively easy to catch in traps, but it takes a sturdy trap to hold one. Foothold traps may be used on rural sites but should never be used in an urban area. Raccoons are difficult to trap- it is hard to find a bait that will entice them into a box when they could be raiding a garden. Traps placed with their open ends against a raccoon-proof fence at a 45 degree angle to the fence often trap raccoons that are being persistent in trying to find a way under, over or through a fence. Raccoons are omnivorous, eating both plant and animal foods. They make their homes in hollow trees or logs, rock dens, brush piles, muskrat houses, barns, abandoned buildings, haystacks, dense clumps of cattails and occasionally ground burrows. Raccoons are nocturnal or night-time active animals. Urban raccoon populations are frequently underestimated because people seldom see them traveling during the daytime. Raccoons are also serious predators of wild bird populations. Reports indicate that raccoons have been responsible for eliminating local populations of some nesting waterfowl. Raccoons are responsible for more of these complaints than any other species because they readily den in people's attics and chimneys. People with special licenses are allowed to remove raccoons and other wildlife that are causing damage. Raccoons are nocturnal, though they may leave their dens during the day to bask in the sun or forage for food. The home range of an adult male may be as large as 3.2 km (2 mi.) And as small as 18.2 hectares (45 acres), with an average range of 204 hectares (504 acres).

Females give birth to litter of 1-7 kits who will depend on their mother for up to 130 days after which they will leave to find their own territory. Once they make a home, male raccoons will usually stay within 3 to 20 square miles, while females have a smaller range of 1 to 6 square miles. Raccoons will make nests outside – in tree cavities and ground burrows – and inside – in chimneys, attics and garages. Females usually give birth to 1 - 6 baby kits in April or May. These baby raccoons will stay with the mother until autumn and then go off on their own to find a hollow for winter. Because raccoons are active at night (nocturnal), they are seldom seen. Of all the wild animals that have adapted to city life, raccoons probably have the potential to be the most destructive. If raccoons are raiding your garbage can, then make this can inaccessible. Get a raccoon-proof garbage can or weight the lid down so that they can't open it. Raccoons are also susceptible to a host of parasites and diseases, including rabies and canine distemper. In the late 1970s one of the largest known rabies epidemics associated with raccoons began in Virginia and North Carolina.  

Once seen only in deciduous forests, raccoons are now commonplace in suburban areas. They create homes called dens, and though they prefer to make a den in a tree, they will easily move into attics, basements, abandoned farmhouses, barns, and sewers. Raccoons are attracted to urban areas by the easy accessibility of food, water, and shelter. Reducing or eliminating the availability of all of these factors will encourage raccoons to leave. Male raccoons are polygamous, or will mate with several females in succession. Females, however, are monogamous, and will mate with only one male and will not tolerate other males after mating has occurred.  Raccoons are very strong animals and both good swimmers and good tree climbers. When climbing a tree, a raccoon will usually climb in a hand over hand fashion, but they are capable of bounding up a tree. Raccoons are the largest of these animals, so the sound is often ?heavy? Additionally, raccoons are primarily nocturnal, so the noises occur at night. The tracks of raccoons are very distinctive. The hind foot is long, narrow, and rests flat on the ground like those of a bear.  Raccoons are sociable animals in their family group. After two months of age, the young accompany the mother on excursions for food and may travel several miles. Raccoons are generally active throughout the year, becoming dormant in winter only in very cold regions of the country. They usually begin breeding in their first or second year during late winter. Raccoons are normally not aggressive, but will defend themselves if captured or cornered. If you are bitten by a raccoon, every attempt should be made to capture or kill it (without damage to the head) so that it can be tested for rabies by the Minnesota Department of Health.  Raccoons are capable of traveling great distances to find food and territory. If you stop feeding, raccoon populations will slowly adjust to the level that can be accommodated by the available natural habitat. Raccoons are protected by law.

No one may possess a raccoon without a license, and licenses are not issued for pet wildlife. Because raccoons are nocturnal, the best time to use repellents or frightening strategies to get them out of a chimney is right before the animal would normally start his nightly routine. Raccoons usually begin to make noise at dusk and just before dawn.  Raccoons are difficult to trap- it is hard to find a bait that will entice them into a box when they could be raiding a garden. Traps placed with their open ends against a raccoon-proof fence at a 45 degree angle to the fence often trap raccoons that are being persistent in trying to find a way under, over or through a fence. Most of the animals appeared lethargic, possibly because of confinement and manipulations occurring during daytime (raccoons are nocturnal). All other animals ate and drank well and most gained weight over the course of the experiment (data not shown). Raccoons are excellent climbers and have very dexterous fore paws. They are primarily nocturnal creatures but occasionally venture out in the daytime particularly toward evening.  Raccoons are nocturnal animals. Although raccoons are not considered to hibernate, families do congregate in winter dens to sleep through severe winter periods. They prepare for this period of winter sleep by storing fat on their bodies during the late summer and fall. Raccoons are also serious predators of wild bird populations. Reports indicate that raccoons have been responsible for eliminating local populations of some nesting waterfowl.  Raccoons are responsible for more of these complaints than any other species because they readily den in people's attics and chimneys.

People with special licenses are allowed to remove raccoons and other wildlife that are causing damage. Could it be that raccoons are actually "too dumb" to figure out that a sudden change in light intensity is probably bad news? Baby raccoons are completely vulnerable and need protection. Mother raccoons frequently find and enter attics to shield their young.  Raccoons are easily identified by (1) a distinctive pattern of alternating black and yellowish white rings around a large, bushy tail and (2) a unique narrow black face mask with two white patches above the eyes. They average 2 to 3 feet long (including the tail) and 12 inches high, weigh 8 to 22 pounds (heaviest in autumn), and live for 10 to 13 years. In the warm months, raccoons are known for their nighttime activities in neighborhoods where they tip over trash cans, and raid gardens and bird feeders looking for a bite to eat. You might catch a glimpse of one coming out of, or scurrying into a storm sewer. Raccoons are nocturnal animals that become most active one hour before sunset and remain active until one hour after sunrise. During the day, raccoons rest in ground beds, hollow trees, rock crevices, burrows, caves, storm sewers, and buildings.  Raccoons are also carriers of Rabies, a viral disease that causes progressive paralysis and death in mammals, including humans. Any raccoons exhibiting abnormal behavior, such as fearlessness toward humans, awkward and slow movements, or excessive daylight activity should be strictly avoided. Male raccoons are usually larger than females. Once the raccoons are out, you must seal their access to your home. If you aren't certain if they are out, seal all but one exit.  Raccoons are found in every county in Illinois and are abundant throughout the state.

The number of raccoons in Illinois has increased dramatically since the 1930s. Most infected raccoons aren't seriously harmed by this parasite, but it is more serious, often lethal, for birds, rodents or humans who accidentally eat the eggs. You won't get rid of the raccoons completely - raccoons are territorial, and you live in this group's territory. But, you can keep them from bothering you.  Young raccoons are raised by their mothers until they disperse from the group in the autumn. Since some males show aggressive behaviour towards unrelated kits, mothers will isolate themselves from other raccoons until their kits are big enough to defend themselves. Two other illnesses spread by raccoons are canine distemper and rabies. Distemper is a disease in dogs that is contagious, incurable and can be fatal. Very smart and persistent, raccoons are challenging animals to control. Because they thrive around people the list of problems they can cause is long.  Most baby raccoons are born in the month of April or May. After 6-9 weeks, they begin to explore the world outside of the den and start consuming solid food. Raccoons are very common in our area in Toronto. We live near a big park with a small river. Young orphan raccoons and raccoons acquired from reputable breeders may make suitable pets; however, raccoons are not domesticated animals. Training raccoons is an intensive and ongoing process, and captive raccoons may retain destructive or aggressive natural behaviors, such as biting.  If you live a rural area or urban area that is close to woodlands, raccoons are probably familiar to you. Most likely, they are familiar to you in a bad way.

Raccoons are classified as furbearers in Indiana. Under state law, landowners or their tenants may take furbearing animals at any time if they are causing damage. Raccoons are enticed by the food smells in dumpsters. When the lids are open they climb in and can’t climb the slippery sides to get out.  Here's the deal: raccoons are tough to get rid of, especially if they have babies. Oftentimes the babies will be down in the walls where you won't be able to get to them, and without their mother, they will die and make your house smell like holy hell. Raccoons are also beneficial to humans because of their consumption of pesky insects and mice, their aesthetic qualities, and their fur. They are an enjoyable and lovable animal; however, they can cause damage and pose health problems to animals and humans. Problem raccoons are usually the result of chronic feeding by humans. Wild raccoons accustomed to being fed will generally lose their natural fear of humans and seek to move closer to their food source--your house.  Raccoons are primarily inhabitants of broadleaf woodlands, although they are rather common in the mixed-pine forests of southeastern Texas. They seldom occur far from water, which seems to have more influence on their distribution than does any particular type of vegetation. Raccoons are born with their eyes and ears closed, covered in dark fur with no rings on the tail. The mother alone cares for the young. Raccoons are not an endangered species; in fact, they occur abundantly throughout South Carolina. Raccoons have adjusted to pressures that humans exert on their habitat and have assumed a scavenging existence in many urban and suburban areas.  Raccoons are primarily solitary animals. During breeding season males will travel four or six miles from their den, while females seldom travel farther than half a mile.

He stated that even if we covered the hole, raccoons are persistent and would follow the smell back to our attic. Has any one had this same problem? In the southern United States raccoons are hunted for food and for sport. In their northern range raccoons have long, thick fur that is valued for coats and trimming.  If the raccoons are even more aggressive at going after the trash, buy garbage cans that sit in a carriage and won?t tip over. Or drive wooden stakes into the ground to prevent them from tipping over, the wildlife department says. Raccoons are highly adaptable and their populations thrive in most parts of the state. They typically den in hollow trees, ground burrows, or brush piles, but will readily use human structures like a barn, an attic, or an abandoned building. Clear brush so raccoons are not likely to make a den on your property. Stay away from areas and materials that might be contaminated by raccoon feces.  Raccoons are in that small cadre of mammals that human beings haven't managed to scare off from living near us. Rabbits, squirrels and a few other animals have found we're not all bad as neighbors go, though like the raccoon I saw, they prefer to coexist rather than interact with us. Highly independent and somewhat solitary creatures, raccoons are nocturnal (active after dusk) and hunt at night camouflaged by their characteristic coats and rest by day in the hollows of high trees. Raccoons are omnivores, which means they will eat most anything. They are also a very curious animal with an endless appetite.  Before the baits are dropped, a number of raccoons are ear-tagged and some are radio-collared (262 and 51, respectively, during last August?s experiment); blood samples are also taken. The raccoons are later recaptured and blood samples are drawn to see how many of them actually ingest the bait and become vaccinated. Raccoons are opportunistic and have adapted to eat trash and other food available in suburban and urban areas. Raccoons are excellent climbers and are very dexterous.  They are never to be made familiar and tame, as the Raccoon is.".(4) Raccoons are consumers of the fiddler crab, i.e., "Fidlars are a sort of small Crabs, that lie in Holes in the Marshes. I never knew any one try, whether they were good Meat or no.".(5) Raccoons are listed by Lawson as "Indian Food.".(5) Raccoons are killed and their pelts are used for Indian clothing, i.e., "Their Feather Match-Coats are very pretty, especially some of them, which are made extraordinary charming, containing several pretty Figures wrought in Feathers, making them seem like a fine Flower Silk-Shag; and when new and fresh, they become a Bed very well, instead of a Quilt. When creating wildlife habitat, raccoons are one type of wildlife you may want to discourage instead of attract. They are so well adapted to urban life they may quickly take up residence if you feed them. Raccoons are not supposed to be friendly, but these two practically posed for my camera. I'm seeing them everywhere, even in my own backyard.  You will hear noises during early mornings and evenings when the problem raccoons are most active usually these are the first signs you may need a raccoon removal or raccoon control expert.